Paralympic athletics has been an official sport since the first Paralympic Games were held in Rome in 1960. Athletes with a broad range of impairments compete in events that accommodate the largest number of participants at the summer Games.
Track events include short-, medium- and long-distance races as well as relays (4×100 metre and 4×400 metre) but are not fixed since the question of which events and classes are held is examined and determined on a competition-by-competition basis in light of factors such as the number of participating athletes.
Field events include jumping and throwing. Jumping events include the high jump, long jump and triple jump, while throwing events include the shot put, javelin throw and discuss throw, along with the club throw, a Paralympic-specific event. The question of which events and classes are held is examined and determined on a competition-by-competition basis.